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Friday, October 7, 2016

Internal Audit - A Requirement of ISO 9001:2015 QMS Standard

Internal Audit - A Requirement of ISO 9001:2015 QMS Standard

Keshav Ram Singhal

Internal audit is a requirement of ISO 9001:2015 QMS standard. Clause 9.2 of the standard mentions requirements for internal audit, which are summarized hereinbelow:

Purpose - (i) Whether the QMS conforms to requirements of ISO 9001:2015 and requirements determined by the organization, (ii) Whether the QMS is effectively implemented and maintained.

Organization needs to:
Consider - Importance of processes concerned, changes affecting the organization, and results of previous audit(s).

Plan and establish - Audit programme (also include the frequency, methods, responsibilities, planning requirements and reporting)

Define - Audit criteria and scope (for each audit)

Select - Auditors to carry out internal audit (Ensure objectivity and impartiality)

Implement and maintain - Planned and established audit programme

Conduct - Internal audits at planned intervals (Ensure objectivity and impartiability)

Report (to relevant management) - Results of the audit

Take - Appropriate correction and corrective actions at an early date (without undue delay)

Retain documented information - (i) Implementing audit programme, (ii) Audit results

Although maintaining a documented information, describing the internal audit procedure, is not a requirement of the standard, however it is always better if an organization creates, update and maintains a documented information on internal audit describing the audit programme, frequency, methods, responsibilities, planning, conducting, reporting, scope, selection of internal auditors, retaining documented information as evidence etc.

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